Otitis Media is the term used for inflammation of the middle ear and is commonly referred to as an earache. The inflammation or swelling occurs due to a middle ear infection and can occur in one or both ears. Otitis Media is the most common diagnosis in children that have frequent visits to the pediatrician, as well as being the most common cause of hearing loss in children. Blockage of the Eustachian Tube (the natural tube that drains the middle ear) and the presence of bacteria leads to the accumulation of mucus and pus behind the eardrum. The pressure build up in the middle ear is what causes the swelling, redness and earache. Symptoms of Otitis Media vary depending on the age of the child. In infants and toddlers look for pulling at the ears especially if accompanied by crying, fever, vomiting, and any drainage from the ear. Young children and adolescents exhibit the following symptoms: earache, feeling of fullness, hearing problems, dizziness, fever and drainage from the ears. Ear infections can be serious due to the hearing loss and spread of infection that can occur if not treated promptly and effectively by your child’s doctor.