Risk Factors for Hearing Loss

Even if a child is born with normal hearing, there are factors that put the child at risk for a late-onset hearing loss. Children who are at risk for hearing loss should have periodic hearing tests for monitoring purposes. Pediatric risk factors for hearing loss include:

  • Failed the newborn hearing screening
  • Family history of permanent hearing loss that developed early in life
  • Caregiver concern regarding hearing, speech, language or developmental delay
  • In-utero infections, such as cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes, rubella, syphilis, toxoplasmosis
  • Low birth weight (less than 3.5lbs)
  • Jaundice at birth requiring exchange blood transfusion
  • Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) stay of more than 5 days
  • Craniofacial anomalies involving the external ear, ear tags, ear pits, temporal bone
  • Syndrome associated with hearing loss or family history of a syndrome associated with hearing loss
    • i.e. Down syndrome, CHARGE syndrome, Treacher Collins syndrome, Waardenburg’s syndrome, neurofibromatosis osteogenesis imperfecta, Usher’s syndrome, Branchio-oto-renal syndrome, Pendred’s syndrome, Jervell and Lange-Nielson syndrome, Alport’s syndrome, Apert’s syndrome, Crouzon’s syndrome
  • Neurodegenerative disorder or sensory motor neuropathy
    • i.e. Hunter syndrome, Friedrich’s ataxia, Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome
  • Culture-positive post-natal infection associated with hearing loss
    • i.e. meningitis, herpes virus, chicken pox
  • Persistent pulmonary hypertension associated with mechanical ventilation
  • Chemotherapy treatment
  • Reoccurring or persistent middle ear infections for at least 3 months

Related Topics

If you have any questions, or would like to schedule an appointment, please call Coastal Hearing and Balance Center today at: 732-280-7855