Sinusitis is a condition in which the lining of your sinus tissues becomes inflamed. In most cases, sinusitis can begin with a common cold, which can trigger inflammation. The most common causes of sinusitis include are allergies, infection or particles in the air which irritate the sinuses.
The most common signs and symptoms of sinusitis include:
- Pain or pressure in the sinuses and, in some cases, the ears and teeth
- Facial tenderness or pain
- Sinus headache
- Stuffiness of the nasal passages
- Sore throat
- Cloudy looking nasal drainage
Sinusitis and sinus infections can be treated with over-the-counter medications like Tylenol, decongestants, or a Neti-pot (which helps irrigate the nasal passages by rinsing them with water.) Breathing in warm, humidified air can also help decrease sinusitis symptoms. When sinusitis is caused by allergies, over-the-counter antihistamines are a viable option.
It may not be possible to completely avoid a sinus infection, but in some cases, there are ways to prevent it.
- Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water
- Don’t smoke
- Avoid dry environments
- Run a humidifier
When to See Your Doctor
If left untreated, sinusitis may lead to complications such as brain abscess, meningitis, bone infection (osteomyelitis) and bacterial skin infection (cellulitis). If symptoms persist for more than a week and do not respond to over-the-counter treatments, it’s a good idea to visit your doctor. He or she will determine the severity of your sinusitis or sinus infection by evaluating your patient history and performing a physical exam. Other signs that you should see your doctor immediately include persistent fever, headache, double vision or changes in vision, stiffness in your neck, a swollen eye socket, severe sore throat, and green or yellow nasal discharge.
For more information about identifying the symptoms of sinusitis and sinus infection, or to learn more about the other services we provide, please call our office at 732-280-7855 or visit our website.